Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in improving reproductive, maternal, child, and adolescent health and nutrition (RMNCAH-N). Since 1990, under-five and maternal mortality fell by 67 and 69 percent, respectively, and contraceptive prevalence rates increased from 3 to 42 percent.

According to the Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey in 2016, the prevalence of stunting has decreased from 58 percent in 2000 to 38 percent, ranging from 15 percent in Addis Ababa to 46 percent in Amhara region. This progress has been facilitated, in part, by the flagship Health Extension Programme, which enabled the delivery of high-impact, cost-effective basic services to all Ethiopians, particularly women of reproductive age and children.