The Global Financing Facility (GFF) is supporting the Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health (MOH)’s efforts to collaborate with the private sector as a strategy to address health priorities and system gaps confronting the Ethiopian health sector. GFF agreed to support the MOH to conduct a private sector assessment (PSA) as a first step in a longer process to engage the private health sector. A PSA can play an instrumental role in generating sound data on the private health sector to guide MOH policy and planning and create a “road map” to harness private sector resources.